Adding Top Progress Bar to Websites

      7 mins read.  

Adding Top Progress Bar to Websites

Top bars are beautiful looking lines at the top of a website. A colored top bar would not do any harm. Instead, it increases the beauty of your website (if used correctly). Read to know how I have implemented it in my websites.

Why top bar?

I started considering top bar only after I saw that the designers from Quora started using it(now they are not!). I also used to have a top bar on this blog but after the new design I no longer use it. But, one of my blogs Nallikayi has a nice top bar which goes with the design.

I remember YouTube using a red top bar to show the progress of page loading. You can see it when you click on a video link. Actually it is a great idea to show the users how much page has been loaded without any distractions. By the time I’m writing this blog Freecharge is using the top bar as a progress indicator. It must be a div on top with a 1 pixel border but looks like body top border.

Android chrome browser top loading bar

If you have seen Chrome browser on android, they still use this. May be it is using a different code but visually similar to that we use in websites.

So here it is giving some valuable information. But what I want is just a minimal colored top bar to enhance the visual appearance. It is very easy and can be done with a single line of code!

Top Progress Bar

Did you observe a red top bar on this page?

If you did not then hit refresh. This page shows page loading progress as a top bar. This gives users an idea of whether the page has fully loaded or not. The code pretty small and no jQuery required.

How to implement progress top bar?

Download nanobar

Nanobar is javascript wich generates a highly customizable top bar. I will show the basic top bar implementation.

Download the minified version here.

Generate top bar

Before we generate one, we have to call the javascript that we just downloaded. Copy the nanobar.min.js file your project or website folder(may be inside /js folder).

Now call it using a script tag. If you are using Jekyll and you want top bar to show page load progress on all the pages, then do these steps on default.html or the default layout.

<script src="/path/to/nanobar.min.js"></script>

Give it a class and id(optional)

If you want to change the looks of the bar then you should give it a class or id. Here is how we can do it. We are also generating a new Nanobar with some options which define the length of the bar.

<script>
var options = {
	classname: 'my-class',
    id: 'my-id'
};
var nanobar = new Nanobar( options );
nanobar.go( 30 );
nanobar.go( 76 );
nanobar.go(100);
</script>

Customize your Top Progress Bar

Give top progress bar a color that suits the scheme of your website. It is better to give it a contrasting dark color in order to highlight the bar.

<style>
.my-class .bar {
  background:#f04c78;
}
</style>

Output Top Bar

The output html of the top bar looks like this. So you can always customize .bar class inside .my-class to give it a color, increase the height etc…

<div class="nanobar my-class" id="my-id" style="position: fixed;">
    <div class="bar"></div>
</div>

Scroll Percentage Top bar

A progress bar which shows the vertical length of a page on a horizonal bar dynamically is called a scroll percentage bar.

You can observe the scroll percentage bar at the bottom of this page. This bar uses the latest CSS variables.

How to implement Scroll Percentage Top Bar?

<!-- Style defined first. Copy this to a css style sheet or to the head section -->
<style>
.progress-bar {
    background: linear-gradient(to right, red var(--scroll), transparent 0);
    background-repeat: no-repeat;
    width: 100%;
    position: fixed;
    top: 0;
    left: 0;
    height: 4px;
    z-index: 1;
}
</style>

<!-- This is the bar which shows scroll percentage -->
<div class="progress-bar"></div>

<!-- Script used to generate --scroll variable with current scroll percentage value -->
<script>
var element = document.documentElement,
  body = document.body,
  scrollTop = 'scrollTop',
  scrollHeight = 'scrollHeight',
  progress = document.querySelector('.progress-bar'),
  scroll;

document.addEventListener('scroll', function() {
  scroll = (element[scrollTop]||body[scrollTop]) / ((element[scrollHeight]||body[scrollHeight]) - element.clientHeight) * 100;
  progress.style.setProperty('--scroll', scroll + '%');
}); 
</script>

It may not be supported by IE browsers but all the modern ones support this.

Simple Top bar

what is the code for Top Bar?

If you are looking for a top bar which is static, then just copy these lines to your css file and you’ll have a top bar! So far we have called this top bar but in reality it is the top border of your body. Normally it is invisible, we are just giving it a size, style and color. Pretty neat. Isn’t it? There is not a single extra div used. So there is no extra load on your website!

body {
  border-top: 4px solid #37ba8a;
  margin: 0;
}

So that’s all there is! Use em instead of px if you like. I use em as I have configured it to adjust to the screen-size. Now change the color according to your theme and don’t make it very contrasting, say a blue top bar on red background. That is not very pleasing to eyes. And also make sure the body has no margin. Otherwise you may not get the top bar where you wanted.

Though it is a simple thing, it gives a huge impact on the look and aesthetics.

Try mplementing top bar on your website and let me know how it went.

And don’t forget to leave the link in the comment section, of your website with newly created top bar.

Thanks for reading!

This article is written by Follow him @webjeda.

You May Also Like

0 Comments